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The Red Sea Terror Triangle

By Shaul Shay
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn : 135147538X
  • Pages : 234
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reads : 506
  • File Pdf: the-red-sea-terror-triangle.pdf

Book Summary:

In the aftermath of the terror campaign launched on Sep- tember 11, 2001, the United States declared war against global terror. It identified the al-Qaida organization and Afghanistan under the Taliban regime as the initial targets of the offensive, and Iraq as the next. However, aside from the countries included by President Bush in the Axis of Evil (Iraq, Iran, and North Korea), a triangle of countries in the Red Sea region are also potential targets in the war against terror - Sudan, Somalia, and Yemen.This assessment is based on the historical record: Each of these countries has in one form or another provided refuge for Islamic terror organizations. Sudan, Somalia, and Yemen are Muslim states, situated at the periphery of the heart of Islam, which is generally identified as the Arab Peninsula, Egypt, and the Fertile Crescent. This area is of strategic significance to both sides of the vital shipping route that connects the Arabian Sea (the Indian Ocean) and the Red Sea. Osama Bin Laden, al-Qaida, and members of other radical Islamic organizations have found allies and safe havens in both the heart of Islam and its periphery. The presence of radical Islamic entities in the region, alongside local problems and conflicts rooted in national, ethnic, and tribal issues, has turned the Red Sea countries into a nucleus of instability and dissension, one that threatens the security and peace of both neighboring and more distant countries.Shay examines the three countries designated as the Red Sea Terror Triangle, and explores the ties each maintains with Islamic terror, as well as the reciprocal links between them. Understanding these countries is of critical importance, since all or some of them may constitute a base for Islamic terror organizations in the future.

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  • File Pdf: islamic-terror-and-the-balkans.pdf

Book Summary:

The disintegration of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s ended the Yugoslavian Federation, which for nearly fifty years had succeeded in preserving a delicate coexistence among the ethnic, religious, and national components contained within it. Following this, the Balkans became a violent arena of confrontation due to these warring factions. Islamic Terror and the Balkans describes and analyzes the growth of radical Islam in the Balkans from its inception during the years of World War II to the present. Shay's account shows how the Bosnian War between the Muslims and the Serbs provided the historical opportunity for radical Islam to penetrate the Balkans, at a time when the Muslim world, headed by Iran and the various Islamic terror organizations, including Al-Qaida, came to the aid of the Muslims in Bosnia. In the framework of the mobilization of these entities in aiding the Muslim side in the conflict, the operational and organizational infrastructure of Iranian intelligence and the Revolutionary Guards was established, as well as those operated by other Islamic terror organizations. When war in Bosnia ended, terrorist infrastructures remained in the Balkans and served as a basis for these entities' intervention in the confrontation that developed in the Balkans in the late-1990s, specifically in Kosovo and Macedonia. Today, the Balkans serve as a forefront on European soil for Islamic terror organizations, which exploits this area to promote their activities in Western Europe, Russia, and other focal points worldwide. Shay's analysis of terror activity in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks and exposure of terror cells throughout the world, and particularly in Europe, attest to the increasing involvement of the "Balkan alumni" and of the terrorist infrastructure from this area in creating global terror activity.

The Power Triangle

By Hazem Kandil
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Isbn : 0190239212
  • Pages : 336
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reads : 964
  • File Pdf: the-power-triangle.pdf

Book Summary:

Revolution, reform, and resilience comprise the respective fortunes of modern Iran, Turkey, and Egypt. Although the countries all experienced coups with remarkably similar ambitions, each followed a very different trajectory. Iran became an absolutist monarchy that was overthrown from below, Turkey evolved into a limited democracy, and Egypt turned into a police state. In The Power Triangle, Hazem Kandil attributes the different outcomes to the power struggle between the political, military, and security institutions. Coups establish a division of labor, with one group of officers running government, another overseeing the military, and a third handling security. But their interests begin to vary as each group identifies with its own institution. Politicians wish to rule indefinitely; military officers prefer to return to barracks after implementing the needed reforms; and security men scramble to maintain the privileges they acquired in the post-coup emergency. Driven by conflicting agendas, these partners in domination struggle over regime control. Using comparative historical sociology, Kandil demonstrates how regimes are constantly shaped and reshaped through the recurrent clashes and shifting alliances between the team of rivals in this "power triangle." The Power Triangle's realist approach to regime change shows that a clear explanation of pivotal events in Iran, Turkey, and Egypt is impossible without a firm grasp of the power relations within each country's ruling bloc.

La crisis de Somalia, la seguridad regional en África y la seguridad internacional

By Ma. de Lourdes González Prieto,Norma Ada Segura Landa
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : UNAM, Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociales
  • Isbn : 6070299159
  • Pages : 200
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reads : 871
  • File Pdf: la-crisis-de-somalia-la-seguridad-regional-en-África-y-la-seguridad-internacional.pdf

Book Summary:

Los ataques piratas y secuestros perpetrados contra buques tanque y cargueros frente a las costas de Somalia desde mediados de noviembre de 2008, hicieron posible que el tema de la inestabilidad en la zona recuperara los primeros planos de atención para la comunidad internacional. A partir de estos actos, y su incidencia en la ya deteriorada economía internacional, el tema Somalia se puso de moda y, como todas las modas, ha provocado un alud de sugerencias sobre cómo solucionar el conflicto interno que afecta a este país del Cuerno de Africa desde hace casi 20 años. Cuando el conflicto interno somalí irrumpe en la escena política internacional -a principios de 1991-, pareció lograr no sólo el apoyo de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas (ONU), sino de diversos Estados a título individual. Entonces, ¿qué ha sucedido en este tiempo?

America’s War against Global Jihad

By William R. Nester
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • Isbn : 1498575315
  • Pages : 418
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reads : 762
  • File Pdf: america-s-war-against-global-jihad.pdf

Book Summary:

This book analyzes America’s crusade against Jihadism. It addresses the successes and failures of Washington’s counter-Jihadist strategy before and after September 11, and explores whether the United States should stay the course or cut its losses in Iraq, Afghanistan, and elsewhere.

State Failure and State Weakness in a Time of Terror

By Robert I. Rotberg
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Brookings Institution Press
  • Isbn : 0815775725
  • Pages : 456
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reads : 487
  • File Pdf: state-failure-and-state-weakness-in-a-time-of-terror.pdf

Book Summary:

The threat of terror, which flares in Africa and Indonesia, has given the problem of failed states an unprecedented immediacy and importance. In the past, failure had a primarily humanitarian dimension, with fewer implications for peace and security. Now nation-states that fail, or may do so, pose dangers to themselves, to their neighbors, and to people around the globe: preventing their failure, and reviving those that do fail, has become a strategic as well as a moral imperative. State Failure and State Weakness in a Time of Terror develops an innovative theory of state failure that classifies and categorizes states along a continuum from weak to failed to collapsed. By understanding the mechanisms and identifying the tell-tale indicators of state failure, it is possible to develop strategies to arrest the fatal slide from weakness to collapse. This state failure paradigm is illustrated through detailed case studies of states that have failed and collapsed (the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone, the Sudan, Somalia), states that are dangerously weak (Colombia, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan), and states that are weak but safe (Fiji, Haiti, Lebanon).

Flesh and Blood So Cheap: The Triangle Fire and Its Legacy

By Albert Marrin
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Knopf Books for Young Readers
  • Isbn : 0307976602
  • Pages : 192
  • Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Reads : 463
  • File Pdf: flesh-and-blood-so-cheap.pdf

Book Summary:

On March 25, 1911, the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory in New York City burst into flames. The factory was crowded. The doors were locked to ensure workers stay inside. One hundred forty-six people—mostly women—perished; it was one of the most lethal workplace fires in American history until September 11, 2001. But the story of the fire is not the story of one accidental moment in time. It is a story of immigration and hard work to make it in a new country, as Italians and Jews and others traveled to America to find a better life. It is the story of poor working conditions and greedy bosses, as garment workers discovered the endless sacrifices required to make ends meet. It is the story of unimaginable, but avoidable, disaster. And it the story of the unquenchable pride and activism of fearless immigrants and women who stood up to business, got America on their side, and finally changed working conditions for our entire nation, initiating radical new laws we take for granted today. With Flesh and Blood So Cheap, Albert Marrin has crafted a gripping, nuanced, and poignant account of one of America's defining tragedies.

Crimes Committed by Terrorist Groups

By Mark S. Hamm
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Isbn : 1437929591
  • Pages : 245
  • Category :
  • Reads : 496
  • File Pdf: crimes-committed.pdf

Book Summary:

This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. Examines terrorists¿ involvement in a variety of crimes ranging from motor vehicle violations, immigration fraud, and mfg. illegal firearms to counterfeiting, armed bank robbery, and smuggling weapons of mass destruction. There are 3 parts: (1) Compares the criminality of internat. jihad groups with domestic right-wing groups. (2) Six case studies of crimes includes trial transcripts, official reports, previous scholarship, and interviews with law enforce. officials and former terrorists are used to explore skills that made crimes possible; or events and lack of skill that the prevented crimes. Includes brief bio. of the terrorists along with descriptions of their org., strategies, and plots. (3) Analysis of the themes in closing arguments of the transcripts in Part 2. Illus.

The Masque of the Red Death

By Edgar Allan Poe
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Lindhardt og Ringhof
  • Isbn : 8726586932
  • Pages : 3
  • Category : Fiction
  • Reads : 159
  • File Pdf: the-masque-of-the-red-death.pdf

Book Summary:

E. A. Poe’s short story follows Prince Prospero and his friends’ futile attempt to outrun and outsmart a deadly plague, called the Red Death. The heart of the story is presented as a masquerade where the guests revel in mirth and intoxication, oblivious of the horrors that await them. The author’s narrative techniques revolve around symbolism (number seven, the clock, the black chamber) and provides an allegorical halo around the short story. Witnessing his wife’s suffering from tuberculosis and the ravages of cholera in Baltimore at the time, Poe imbues "The Mask" with an air of veracity, but the supernatural reigns supreme. Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849) was an American poet, author, and literary critic. Most famous for his poetry, short stories, and tales of the supernatural, mysterious, and macabre, he is also regarded as the inventor of the detective genre and a contributor to the emergence of science fiction, dark romanticism, and weird fiction. His most famous works include "The Raven" (1945), "The Black Cat" (1943), and "The Gold-Bug" (1843).

Asia’s Alliance Triangle

By Gilbert Rozman
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Isbn : 1137541717
  • Pages : 265
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reads : 991
  • File Pdf: asia-s-alliance-triangle.pdf

Book Summary:

Drawing together articles from the new online journal The Asan Forum, commissioned from leading experts in the USA, Japan, and South Korea, this book reconsiders what we thought we knew about the three legs of this alliance triangle.

20,000 Leagues Under The Sea

By Verne
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Jaico Publishing House
  • Isbn : 8179920038
  • Pages : 230
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Reads : 177
  • File Pdf: 20-000-leagues-under-the-sea.pdf

Book Summary:

A mysterious phenomenon was noticed in the year 1866. Vessels at sea had seen a long large object more powerful in its movement than a whale. A French scientist was commissioned to investigate. A frigate was specially fitted out for this expedition. After three months of cruising the high seas, the frigate encountered the monster and shot out its harpoon to strike the creature. Suddenly, a giant waterspout issued forth from the monster and threw the scientist and his colleagues on the monster s back. To their consternation, they were pulled deep inside the sea. What happened to them down there? Join the intrepid scientist in his strange adventure.

The Pink Triangle

By Richard Plant
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Holt Paperbacks
  • Isbn : 9781429936934
  • Pages : 272
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reads : 903
  • File Pdf: the-pink-triangle.pdf

Book Summary:

This is the first comprehensive book in English on the fate of the homosexuals in Nazi Germany. The author, a German refugee, examines the climate and conditions that gave rise to a vicious campaign against Germany's gays, as directed by Himmler and his SS--persecution that resulted in tens of thousands of arrests and thousands of deaths. In this Nazi crusade, homosexual prisoners were confined to death camps where, forced to wear pink triangles, they constituted the lowest rung in the camp hierarchy. The horror of camp life is described through diaries, previously untranslated documents, and interviews with and letters from survivors, revealing how the anti-homosexual campaign was conducted, the crackpot homophobic fantasies that fueled it, the men who made it possible, and those who were its victims, this chilling book sheds light on a corner of twentieth-century history that has been hidden in the shadows much too long.