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Stillborn Crusade

By Ilya Somin
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn : 1351292102
  • Pages : 236
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reads : 406
  • File Pdf: stillborn-crusade.pdf

Book Summary:

The triumph of the Bolsheviks in the Russian Civil War was the first great crack in the system of international relations established by the victorious Allies. The presence of a powerful anti-Western Soviet regime not only undermined the liberal values binding the signatories and member states of the Versailles Treaty and the League of Nations, but also helped to stimulate the rise of aggressive fascist dictatorships in Germany and Italy. Consequently, the failure of the Allies to intervene effectively against the Bolsheviks helped pave the way for both World War II and the human catastrophe of Soviet totalitarianism. Stillborn Crusade is a reinterpretation of the causes and consequences of that failure. In sharp contrast with previous researchers, Ilya Somin argues that the West's failure resulted not from constraints limiting the options of policymakers, but from ideological misconceptions, particularly those flowing from the "liberal" and "realist" theories of international politics. The liberal view, based on the right of national self-determination, was espoused by Woodrow Wilson, and David Lloyd George. While unsympathetic to Bolshevism, they remained wedded to preconceived ideas on revolution, intervention, and the efficacy of force. The realists thought that the opposing Whites might constitute a greater threat to Western interests; they discounted the role of ideology in Soviet foreign policy. Against these views, Somin sets the position of Winston Churchill, who repeatedly and unsuccessfully urged decisive action when the Soviet regime was militarily vulnerable. As a consequence of British and American policy failures, the entire course of European and world history was radically altered for the worse. Stillborn Crusade also considers why earlier scholars, most notably George F. Kennan and William Appleman Williams, have ignored the issues raised here, even though they and others have not hesitated to criticize Western leaders for similar errors in other instances, especially in the case of Nazi Germany. Somin links the errors of 1918-20 to broader issues relating to the morality, feasibility, and desirability of Western, especially American, intervention in foreign civil conflicts. As a volume with important lessons for our own time, Stillborn Crusade will be of interest to historians, political scientists, and foreign policy analysts.

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Спустя сто лет после начала Первой мировой войны йельский историк Адам Туз предлагает совершенно новый взгляд на нее, сосредоточивая внимание на заключительных годах конфликта и последствиях вплоть до Великой депрессии. В этот неспокойный период надежды на долгий мир и либеральный интернационализм столкнулись с насильственными потрясениями и возникновением тоталитарных режимов. Тогда же произошло рождение нового мирового порядка, в котором все крупные державы, как победившие, так и проигравшие в войне, вынуждены были связать свою судьбу с Соединенными Штатами, ведущей экономической силой мира.

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  • File Pdf: Провинциальная-контрреволюция.pdf

Book Summary:

В глазах многих современников и историков российской Гражданской войны Белое движение было делом прежних имперских элит, не понявших и не принявших революцию. Белые желали вернуть прежнюю Россию. Это подчеркивал и возвышенный цветаевский образ «белогвардейской рати святой», и совсем не поэтичная белая «контрреволюция», о которой писали советские историки. Но к чему в действительности стремились белые правительства? Как белые управляли подконтрольной им территорией и мобилизовывали свои армии? Как население относилось к белым правительствам и к экспедиционным отрядам Антанты, выступившим в поддержку белых? И почему жители российских окраин нередко воевали вместе с белыми против большевиков? Исследование Людмилы Новиковой, посвященное истории антибольшевистской Северной области, — попытка дать ответы на эти вопросы. Основанная на материалах российских и зарубежных архивов, книга обращает главное внимание на политические парадоксы Белого движения, а также на провинциальный контекст белой борьбы, который в значительной мере определил ход и исход российской Гражданской войны.

Гражданская война в России (1918–1922 гг.)

By Коллектив авторов
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Litres
  • Isbn : 5042521682
  • Pages :
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 431
  • File Pdf: Гражданская-война-в-России.pdf

Book Summary:

Read and download full book Гражданская война в России (1918–1922 гг.)

Angevin Dynasties of Europe 900-1500

By Jeffrey Anderson
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : The Crowood Press
  • Isbn : 0719829267
  • Pages : 360
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 539
  • File Pdf: angevin-dynasties-of-europe-900-1500.pdf

Book Summary:

From their small county in the heart of France, the lords of Anjou - the Angevins - produced dynasties that became kings of Jerusalem, England, Sicily, Hungary and Poland from 900 - 1500. They were described by a contemporary as 'lords of the greater part of the world'. Here is their extraordinary story, including figures such as Geoffrey Plantagenet, Empress Matilda, Eleanor of Acquitaine, Charles of Anjou, Queen Johanna of Naples, Louis the Great of Hungary and Saint Jadwiga of Poland.A history of one of the most dynamic families of medieval Europe - the Angevins.A reference for those interested in medieval history; students, academics, historians and enthusiasts for the era.Includes historical figures such as Geoffrey Plantagenet, Empress Matilda, Richard the Lionheart and Louis the Great of Hungary.Contains two plate sections with colour and black & white photographs.Jeffrey Anderson has an MA in medieval history from Durham University and an MA in history from the University of Michigan.

On Crusade

By Katherine Kurtz
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Aspect
  • Isbn : 0446561231
  • Pages : 256
  • Category : Fiction
  • Reads : 174
  • File Pdf: on-crusade.pdf

Book Summary:

The bestselling author of the Deryni fantasy series has compiled a new collection of stories about a mysterious and romantic order of medieval knights, featuring tales written by Andre Norton, Deborah Turner Harris, and other of today's leading fantasists.

Mr. Adams's Last Crusade

By Joseph Wheelan
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : PublicAffairs
  • Isbn : 0786744952
  • Pages : 288
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 597
  • File Pdf: mr-adams-s-last-crusade.pdf

Book Summary:

When John Quincy Adams—the sixty-three-year-old former president, U.S. senator, secretary of state, and diplomat—was elected to the House of Representatives by his Massachusetts neighbors, he embarked on a spectacular late-life career. He became Congress's most acerbic and influential critic of slavery as well as a tireless proponent for human freedoms and First Amendment rights. This remarkable congressional career utterly transformed him, the public's perception of him, and his legacy—in many ways redeeming his failed presidency. Mr. Adams's Last Crusade renders an insightful portrait of a man who placed his country above politics.

A Twentieth-Century Crusade

By Giuliana Chamedes
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Isbn : 067423913X
  • Pages : 416
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 801
  • File Pdf: a-twentieth-century-crusade.pdf

Book Summary:

Giuliana Chamedes offers the first comprehensive history of the Vatican’s efforts to defeat the forces of secular liberalism and communism through international law, cultural diplomacy, and a marriage of convenience with authoritarian and right-wing rulers.

The Fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans

By Michael Angold
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn : 1317880528
  • Pages : 240
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 599
  • File Pdf: the-fall-of-constantinople-to-the-ottomans.pdf

Book Summary:

The fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans in 1453 marked the end of a thousand years of the Christian Roman Empire. Thereafter, world civilisation began a process of radical change. The West came to identify itself as Europe; the Russians were set on the path of autocracy; the Ottomans were transformed into a world power while the Greeks were left exiles in their own land. The loss of Constantinople created a void. How that void was to be filled is the subject of this book. Michael Angold examines the context of late Byzantine civilisation and the cultural negotiation which allowed the city of Constantinople to survive for so long in the face of Ottoman power. He shows how the devastating impact of its fall lay at the centre of a series of interlocking historical patterns which marked this time of decisive change for the late medieval world. This concise and original study will be essential reading for students and scholars of Byzantine and late medieval history, as well as anyone with an interest in this significant turning point in world history.

Blancos contra rojos

By Ewan Mawdsley
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Desperta Ferro Ediciones
  • Isbn : 8412168755
  • Pages : 368
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 375
  • File Pdf: blancos-contra-rojos.pdf

Book Summary:

La Revolución de Octubre de 1917 constituyó uno de los hitos sobre los que giraría el devenir del mundo contemporáneo, un acontecimiento axial que, sin embargo, no puede entenderse en todo su significado sin tener en cuenta la guerra civil que desencadenó a continuación. En Blancos contra rojos: la Guerra Civil rusa , el profesor Evan Mawdsley ofrece una interpretación exhaustiva de este vasto y complejo periodo, que asoló el antiguo imperio de los zares, alzó a los bolcheviques con la victoria y marcó el nacimiento de la Unión Soviética. Mawdsley ha conseguido con esta obra una de las síntesis más completas hasta la fecha sobre las operaciones militares de la contienda, pero su análisis no se detiene ahí, sino que incorpora otros factores decisivos como la lucha por el poder político, la disputa por los recursos del país, el papel del campesinado, las tensiones regionales entre centro y periferia rusas o las implicaciones internacionales del conflicto. Sus conclusiones, originales e incisivas, van más allá de las causas de la victoria bolchevique y plantean la relación entre la tradición autocrática rusa, el proceso revolucionario y la guerra civil para comprender el inmediato advenimiento del estalinismo y la posterior evolución de la Unión Soviética. Cien años después del comienzo de la lucha de blancos contra rojos, podemos disfrutar, por fin en castellano, de un libro de referencia sobre el acontecimiento que marcaría todo el siglo XX: la Guerra Civil rusa.