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Former People

By Douglas Smith
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Farrar, Straus and Giroux
  • Isbn : 1466827750
  • Pages : 496
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 484
  • File Pdf: former-people.pdf

Book Summary:

Epic in scope, precise in detail, and heart-breaking in its human drama, Former People is the first book to recount the history of the aristocracy caught up in the maelstrom of the Bolshevik Revolution and the creation of Stalin's Russia. Filled with chilling tales of looted palaces and burning estates, of desperate flights in the night from marauding peasants and Red Army soldiers, of imprisonment, exile, and execution, it is the story of how a centuries'-old elite, famous for its glittering wealth, its service to the Tsar and Empire, and its promotion of the arts and culture, was dispossessed and destroyed along with the rest of old Russia. Yet Former People is also a story of survival and accommodation, of how many of the tsarist ruling class—so-called "former people" and "class enemies"—overcame the psychological wounds inflicted by the loss of their world and decades of repression as they struggled to find a place for themselves and their families in the new, hostile order of the Soviet Union. Chronicling the fate of two great aristocratic families—the Sheremetevs and the Golitsyns—it reveals how even in the darkest depths of the terror, daily life went on. Told with sensitivity and nuance by acclaimed historian Douglas Smith, Former People is the dramatic portrait of two of Russia's most powerful aristocratic families, and a sweeping account of their homeland in violent transition.

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  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
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  • File Pdf: the-fourth-industrial-revolution.pdf

Book Summary:

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  • File Pdf: out-of-many-one.pdf

Book Summary:

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  • File Pdf: the-interesting-narrative-of-the-life-of-olaudah-equiano.pdf

Book Summary:

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  • File Pdf: how-to-win-friends-influence-people.pdf

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  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
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  • Isbn : 1982159022
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  • File Pdf: the-afghanistan-papers.pdf

Book Summary:

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  • File Pdf: open-book.pdf

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  • File Pdf: girl-wash-your-face.pdf

Book Summary:

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  • File Pdf: the-mueller-report.pdf

Book Summary:

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  • File Pdf: together.pdf

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Book Summary:

NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER AND INSPIRATION FOR THE NETFLIX LIMITED SERIES, HAILED BY ROLLING STONE AS "A GREAT ONE." "A single mother's personal, unflinching look at America's class divide, a description of the tightrope many families walk just to get by, and a reminder of the dignity of all work." -PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA, Obama's Summer Reading List At 28, Stephanie Land's dreams of attending a university and becoming a writer quickly dissolved when a summer fling turned into an unplanned pregnancy. Before long, she found herself a single mother, scraping by as a housekeeper to make ends meet. Maid is an emotionally raw, masterful account of Stephanie's years spent in service to upper middle class America as a "nameless ghost" who quietly shared in her clients' triumphs, tragedies, and deepest secrets. Driven to carve out a better life for her family, she cleaned by day and took online classes by night, writing relentlessly as she worked toward earning a college degree. She wrote of the true stories that weren't being told: of living on food stamps and WIC coupons, of government programs that barely provided housing, of aloof government employees who shamed her for receiving what little assistance she did. Above all else, she wrote about pursuing the myth of the American Dream from the poverty line, all the while slashing through deep-rooted stigmas of the working poor. Maid is Stephanie's story, but it's not hers alone. It is an inspiring testament to the courage, determination, and ultimate strength of the human spirit.

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  • Publisher : Liveright Publishing
  • Isbn : 163149306X
  • Pages : 224
  • Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
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  • File Pdf: writing-to-persuade.pdf

Book Summary:

From the former New York Times Op-Ed page editor, a definitive and entertaining resource for writers of every stripe on the neglected art of persuasion. In the tradition of The Elements of Style comes Trish Hall’s essential new work on writing well—a sparkling instructional guide to persuading (almost) anyone, on (nearly) anything. As the person in charge of the Op-Ed page for the New York Times, Hall spent years immersed in argument, passion, and trendsetting ideas—but also in tangled sentences, migraine-inducing jargon, and dull-as-dishwater writing. Drawing on her vast experience editing everyone from Nobel Prize winners and global strongmen (Putin) to first-time pundits (Angelina Jolie), Hall presents the ultimate guide to writing persuasively for students, job applicants, and rookie authors looking to get published. She sets out the core principles for connecting with readers—laid out in illuminating chapters such as “Cultivate Empathy,” “Abandon Jargon,” and “Prune Ruthlessly.” Combining boisterous anecdotes with practical advice (relayed in “tracked changes” bubbles), Hall offers an infinitely accessible primer on the art of effectively communicating above the digital noise of the twenty-first century.

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  • Publisher : Twelve
  • Isbn : 1538702940
  • Pages : 304
  • Category : Biography & Autobiography
  • Reads : 839
  • File Pdf: first-friends.pdf

Book Summary:

AN INSTANT NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER! A USA TODAY "BEST BOOKS OF 2021" PICK! In the bestselling tradition of The Presidents Club and Presidential Courage, White House history as told through the stories of the best friends and closest confidants of American presidents. Here are the riveting histories of myriad presidential friendships, among them: Abraham Lincoln and Joshua Speed: They shared a bed for four years during which Speed saved his friend from a crippling depression. Two decades later the friends worked together to save the Union. Harry Truman and Eddie Jacobson: When Truman wavered on whether to recognize the state of Israel in 1948, his lifelong friend and former business partner intervened at just the right moment with just the right words to steer the president’s decision. Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Daisy Suckley: Unassuming and overlooked during her lifetime, Daisy Suckley was in reality FDR’s most trusted, constant confidant, the respite for a lonely and overworked President navigating the Great Depression and World War II John Kennedy and David Ormsby-Gore: They met as young men in pre-war London and began a conversation over the meaning of leadership. A generation later the Cuban Missile Crisis would put their ideas to test as Ormsby-Gore became the president’s unofficial, but most valued foreign policy advisor. These and other friendships—including Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, Franklin Pierce and Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Bill Clinton and Vernon Jordan—populate this fresh and provocative exploration of a series of seminal presidential friendships. Publishing history teems with books by and about Presidents, First Ladies, First Pets, and even First Chefs. Now former Clinton aide Gary Ginsberg breaks new literary ground on Pennsylvania Avenue and provides fresh insights into the lives of the men who held the most powerful political office in the world by looking at the friends on whom they relied. First Friends is an engaging, serendipitous look into the lives of Commanders-in-Chief and how their presidencies were shaped by those they held most dear.


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  • Pages : 320
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  • File Pdf: unsettled.pdf

Book Summary:

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If We Break

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  • Pages : 288
  • Category : Biography & Autobiography
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  • File Pdf: if-we-break.pdf

Book Summary:

Kathleen Buhle shares her story of resilience and self-discovery after her marriage to Hunter Biden unraveled in the wake of substance abuse and infidelity in this intimate, astonishing memoir. This is not a story about good versus evil. Or who was right. Or who was better. For decades, Kathleen Buhle chose to play the role of the good wife, beginning when, as a naïve young woman from a working-class family on the South Side of Chicago, she met the dashing son of a senator at the Jesuit Volunteer Corps in Oregon. Within months of falling in love, Kathleen found herself pregnant and engaged, living a life beyond anything she’d ever known. Determined to build her family on a foundation of love, Kathleen was convinced her and Hunter’s commitment to each other could overcome any obstacle. But when Hunter’s drinking evolved into dependency, she was forced to learn how rapidly and irrevocably a marriage can fall apart under the merciless power of addiction. When the lies became insurmountable, Kathleen was forced to reckon with the compromises she had made to try to save her marriage. She wondered if she could survive on her own. The result is a memoir that is page-turning and heart-breaking. Here Kathleen asks why she kept so much hidden—from her daughters and herself—for so many years, why she became dependent on one man, and why she was more faithful to a vow of secrecy than to her own truth. This inspiring chronicle of radical honesty and self-actualization speaks to women who have lost part of their identity and want to reclaim it.

Remembering Slavery

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  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : New Press, The
  • Isbn : 1620970449
  • Pages : 416
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reads : 247
  • File Pdf: remembering-slavery.pdf

Book Summary:

The groundbreaking, bestselling history of slavery, with a new foreword by Pulitzer Prize–winning historian Annette Gordon-Reed With the publication of the 1619 Project and the national reckoning over racial inequality, the story of slavery has gripped America’s imagination—and conscience—once again. No group of people better understood the power of slavery’s legacies than the last generation of American people who had lived as slaves. Little-known before the first publication of Remembering Slavery over two decades ago, their memories were recorded on paper, and in some cases on primitive recording devices, by WPA workers in the 1930s. A major publishing event, Remembering Slavery captured these extraordinary voices in a single volume for the first time, presenting them as an unprecedented, first-person history of slavery in America. Remembering Slavery received the kind of commercial attention seldom accorded projects of this nature—nationwide reviews as well as extensive coverage on prime-time television, including Good Morning America, Nightline, CBS Sunday Morning, and CNN. Reviewers called the book “chilling . . . [and] riveting” (Publishers Weekly) and “something, truly, truly new” (The Village Voice). With a new foreword by Pulitzer Prize–winning scholar Annette Gordon-Reed, this new edition of Remembering Slavery is an essential text for anyone seeking to understand one of the most basic and essential chapters in our collective history.


By Zora Neale Hurston
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : HarperCollins
  • Isbn : 006274822X
  • Pages : 256
  • Category : Transportation
  • Reads : 657
  • File Pdf: barracoon.pdf

Book Summary:

New York Times Bestseller • TIME Magazine’s Best Nonfiction Book of 2018 • New York Public Library’s Best Book of 2018 • NPR’s Book Concierge Best Book of 2018 • Economist Book of the Year •’s Best Books of 2018 • Audible’s Best of the Year • BookRiot’s Best Audio Books of 2018 • The Atlantic’s Books Briefing: History, Reconsidered • Atlanta Journal Constitution, Best Southern Books 2018 • The Christian Science Monitor’s Best Books 2018 • “A profound impact on Hurston’s literary legacy.”—New York Times “One of the greatest writers of our time.”—Toni Morrison “Zora Neale Hurston’s genius has once again produced a Maestrapiece.”—Alice Walker A major literary event: a newly published work from the author of the American classic Their Eyes Were Watching God, with a foreword from Pulitzer Prize-winning author Alice Walker, brilliantly illuminates the horror and injustices of slavery as it tells the true story of one of the last-known survivors of the Atlantic slave trade—abducted from Africa on the last "Black Cargo" ship to arrive in the United States. In 1927, Zora Neale Hurston went to Plateau, Alabama, just outside Mobile, to interview eighty-six-year-old Cudjo Lewis. Of the millions of men, women, and children transported from Africa to America as slaves, Cudjo was then the only person alive to tell the story of this integral part of the nation’s history. Hurston was there to record Cudjo’s firsthand account of the raid that led to his capture and bondage fifty years after the Atlantic slave trade was outlawed in the United States. In 1931, Hurston returned to Plateau, the African-centric community three miles from Mobile founded by Cudjo and other former slaves from his ship. Spending more than three months there, she talked in depth with Cudjo about the details of his life. During those weeks, the young writer and the elderly formerly enslaved man ate peaches and watermelon that grew in the backyard and talked about Cudjo’s past—memories from his childhood in Africa, the horrors of being captured and held in a barracoon for selection by American slavers, the harrowing experience of the Middle Passage packed with more than 100 other souls aboard the Clotilda, and the years he spent in slavery until the end of the Civil War. Based on those interviews, featuring Cudjo’s unique vernacular, and written from Hurston’s perspective with the compassion and singular style that have made her one of the preeminent American authors of the twentieth-century, Barracoon masterfully illustrates the tragedy of slavery and of one life forever defined by it. Offering insight into the pernicious legacy that continues to haunt us all, black and white, this poignant and powerful work is an invaluable contribution to our shared history and culture.


By Bob Woodward,Robert Costa
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Isbn : 1982182938
  • Pages : 512
  • Category : Biography & Autobiography
  • Reads : 439
  • File Pdf: peril.pdf

Book Summary:

The transition from President Donald J. Trump to President Joseph R. Biden Jr. stands as one of the most dangerous periods in American history. But as # 1 internationally bestselling author Bob Woodward and acclaimed reporter Robert Costa reveal for the first time, it was far more than just a domestic political crisis. Woodward and Costa interviewed more than 200 people at the center of the turmoil, resulting in more than 6,000 pages of transcripts—and a spellbinding and definitive portrait of a nation on the brink. This classic study of Washington takes readers deep inside the Trump White House, the Biden White House, the 2020 campaign, and the Pentagon and Congress, with vivid, eyewitness accounts of what really happened. Peril is supplemented throughout with never-before-seen material from secret orders, transcripts of confidential calls, diaries, emails, meeting notes and other personal and government records, making for an unparalleled history. It is also the first inside look at Biden’s presidency as he faces the challenges of a lifetime: the continuing deadly pandemic and millions of Americans facing soul-crushing economic pain, all the while navigating a bitter and disabling partisan divide, a world rife with threats, and the hovering, dark shadow of the former president. “We have much to do in this winter of peril,” Biden declared at his inauguration, an event marked by a nerve-wracking security alert and the threat of domestic terrorism. Peril is the extraordinary story of the end of one presidency and the beginning of another, and represents the culmination of Bob Woodward’s news-making trilogy on the Trump presidency, along with Fear and Rage. And it is the beginning of a collaboration with fellow Washington Post reporter Robert Costa that will remind readers of Woodward’s coverage, with Carl Bernstein, of President Richard M. Nixon’s final days.

Too Much and Never Enough

By Mary L. Trump
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Isbn : 1982141484
  • Pages : 240
  • Category : Biography & Autobiography
  • Reads : 519
  • File Pdf: too-much-and-never-enough.pdf

Book Summary:

In this revelatory, authoritative portrait of Donald J. Trump and the toxic family that made him, Mary L. Trump, a trained clinical psychologist and Donald’s only niece, shines a bright light on the dark history of their family in order to explain how her uncle became the man who now threatens the world’s health, economic security, and social fabric. Mary Trump spent much of her childhood in her grandparents’ large, imposing house in the heart of Queens, New York, where Donald and his four siblings grew up. She describes a nightmare of traumas, destructive relationships, and a tragic combination of neglect and abuse. She explains how specific events and general family patterns created the damaged man who occupied the Oval Office, including the strange and harmful relationship between Fred Trump and his two oldest sons, Fred Jr. and Donald. A firsthand witness to countless holiday meals and interactions, Mary brings an incisive wit and unexpected humor to sometimes grim, often confounding family events. She recounts in unsparing detail everything from her uncle Donald’s place in the family spotlight and Ivana’s penchant for regifting to her grandmother’s frequent injuries and illnesses and the appalling way Donald, Fred Trump’s favorite son, dismissed and derided him when he began to succumb to Alzheimer’s. Numerous pundits, armchair psychologists, and journalists have sought to parse Donald J. Trump’s lethal flaws. Mary L. Trump has the education, insight, and intimate familiarity needed to reveal what makes Donald, and the rest of her clan, tick. She alone can recount this fascinating, unnerving saga, not just because of her insider’s perspective but also because she is the only Trump willing to tell the truth about one of the world’s most powerful and dysfunctional families.

Where the Crawdads Sing

By Delia Owens
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Isbn : 0735219117
  • Pages : 384
  • Category : Fiction
  • Reads : 141
  • File Pdf: where-the-crawdads-sing.pdf

Book Summary:

SOON TO BE A MAJOR MOTION PICTURE—The #1 New York Times bestselling worldwide sensation with more than 12 million copies sold, “a painfully beautiful first novel that is at once a murder mystery, a coming-of-age narrative and a celebration of nature”(The New York Times Book Review), now in paperback for the first time. For years, rumors of the "Marsh Girl" have haunted Barkley Cove, a quiet town on the North Carolina coast. So in late 1969, when handsome Chase Andrews is found dead, the locals immediately suspect Kya Clark, the so-called Marsh Girl. But Kya is not what they say. Sensitive and intelligent, she has survived for years alone in the marsh that she calls home, finding friends in the gulls and lessons in the sand. Then the time comes when she yearns to be touched and loved. When two young men from town become intrigued by her wild beauty, Kya opens herself to a new life--until the unthinkable happens. Where the Crawdads Sing is at once an exquisite ode to the natural world, a heartbreaking coming-of-age story, and a surprising tale of possible murder. Owens reminds us that we are forever shaped by the children we once were, and that we are all subject to the beautiful and violent secrets that nature keeps.

Think Like a Monk

By Jay Shetty
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Isbn : 198213450X
  • Pages : 352
  • Category : Self-Help
  • Reads : 486
  • File Pdf: think-like-a-monk.pdf

Book Summary:

Jay Shetty, social media superstar and host of the #1 podcast On Purpose, distills the timeless wisdom he learned as a monk into practical steps anyone can take every day to live a less anxious, more meaningful life. When you think like a monk, you’ll understand: -How to overcome negativity -How to stop overthinking -Why comparison kills love -How to use your fear -Why you can’t find happiness by looking for it -How to learn from everyone you meet -Why you are not your thoughts -How to find your purpose -Why kindness is crucial to success -And much more... Shetty grew up in a family where you could become one of three things—a doctor, a lawyer, or a failure. His family was convinced he had chosen option three: instead of attending his college graduation ceremony, he headed to India to become a monk, to meditate every day for four to eight hours, and devote his life to helping others. After three years, one of his teachers told him that he would have more impact on the world if he left the monk’s path to share his experience and wisdom with others. Heavily in debt, and with no recognizable skills on his résumé, he moved back home in north London with his parents. Shetty reconnected with old school friends—many working for some of the world’s largest corporations—who were experiencing tremendous stress, pressure, and unhappiness, and they invited Shetty to coach them on well-being, purpose, and mindfulness. Since then, Shetty has become one of the world’s most popular influencers. In 2017, he was named in the Forbes magazine 30-under-30 for being a game-changer in the world of media. In 2018, he had the #1 video on Facebook with over 360 million views. His social media following totals over 38 million, he has produced over 400 viral videos which have amassed more than 8 billion views, and his podcast, On Purpose, is consistently ranked the world’s #1 Health and Wellness podcast. In this inspiring, empowering book, Shetty draws on his time as a monk to show us how we can clear the roadblocks to our potential and power. Combining ancient wisdom and his own rich experiences in the ashram, Think Like a Monk reveals how to overcome negative thoughts and habits, and access the calm and purpose that lie within all of us. He transforms abstract lessons into advice and exercises we can all apply to reduce stress, improve relationships, and give the gifts we find in ourselves to the world. Shetty proves that everyone can—and should—think like a monk.

The Science of Adolescent Risk-Taking

By National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on the Science of Adolescence
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Isbn : 0309187656
  • Pages : 144
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reads : 478
  • File Pdf: the-science-of-adolescent-risk-taking.pdf

Book Summary:

Adolescence is a time when youth make decisions, both good and bad, that have consequences for the rest of their lives. Some of these decisions put them at risk of lifelong health problems, injury, or death. The Institute of Medicine held three public workshops between 2008 and 2009 to provide a venue for researchers, health care providers, and community leaders to discuss strategies to improve adolescent health.

Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler

By Robert Gellately
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Vintage
  • Isbn : 0307537129
  • Pages : 720
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 623
  • File Pdf: lenin-stalin-and-hitler.pdf

Book Summary:

A bold new accounting of the great social and political upheavals that enveloped Europe between 1914 and 1945—from the Russian Revolution through the Second World War. In Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler, acclaimed historian Robert Gellately focuses on the dominant powers of the time, the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany, but also analyzes the catastrophe of those years in an effort to uncover its political and ideological nature. Arguing that the tragedies endured by Europe were inextricably linked through the dictatorships of Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler, Gellately explains how the pursuit of their “utopian” ideals turned into dystopian nightmares. Dismantling the myth of Lenin as a relatively benevolent precursor to Hitler and Stalin and contrasting the divergent ways that Hitler and Stalin achieved their calamitous goals, Gellately creates in Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler a vital analysis of a critical period in modern history.

Value, Obligation, and Meta-ethics

By Robin Attfield
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Rodopi
  • Isbn : 9789051838626
  • Pages : 319
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Reads : 241
  • File Pdf: value-obligation-and-meta-ethics.pdf

Book Summary:

This work defends an interrelated set of theses in value-theory, normative ethics and meta-ethics. The three Parts correspond to these three areas. Part One (Value) defends a biocentric theory of moral standing, and then the coherence and objectivity of belief in intrinsic value, despite recent objections. Intrinsic value is located in the flourishing of living creatures; specifically, a neo-Aristotelian, species-relative account is supplied of wellbeing or flourishing, in terms of the development of the essential capacities of one's species. There follows a theory of priorities, or of relative intrinsic value, in which the satisfaction of basic needs takes priority over other needs and over wants, and the interests of complex and sophisticated creatures over those of others, where they are at stake. Part Two defends a practice-consequentialist theory of the criteria of rightness and of obligation, which leaves room for supererogation, underpins our intuitions about justice, commends population growth only where it is genuinely desirable, and responds better than act-consequentialism to objections like that concerned with the separateness of persons. Part Three sifts meta-ethical theories, rejects moral relativism, and defends a cognitivist and naturalist meta-ethic. In defending analytical naturalism, it takes into account the latest literature on supervenience. By responding to recent discussions, this study supersedes my Theory of Value and Obligation (1987). It is equipped with detailed end-notes and an ample bibliography, which could prove a research tool of itself.

A People's Tragedy

By Orlando Figes
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Random House
  • Isbn : 1448112648
  • Pages : 960
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 408
  • File Pdf: a-people-s-tragedy.pdf

Book Summary:

Unrivalled in scope and brimming with human drama, A People’s Tragedy is the most vivid, moving and comprehensive history of the Russian Revolution available today. ‘A modern masterpiece’ Andrew Marr ‘The most moving account of the Russian Revolution since Doctor Zhivago’ Independent Opening with a panorama of Russian society, from the cloistered world of the Tsar to the brutal life of the peasants, A People’s Tragedy follows workers, soldiers, intellectuals and villagers as their world is consumed by revolution and then degenerates into violence and dictatorship. Drawing on vast original research, Figes conveys above all the shocking experience of the revolution for those who lived it, while providing the clearest and most cogent account of how and why it unfolded. Illustrated with over 100 photographs and now including a new introduction that reflects on the revolution’s centennial legacy, A People’s Tragedy is a masterful and definitive record of one of the most important events in modern history.

Who's Who in the Arab World 2007-2008

By Publitec Publications
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
  • Isbn : 3110930048
  • Pages : 1216
  • Category : Biography & Autobiography
  • Reads : 875
  • File Pdf: who-s-who-in-the-arab-world-2007-2008.pdf

Book Summary:

Who's Who in the Arab World 2007-2008 compiles information on the most notable individuals in the Arab world. Additionally, the title provides insight into the historical background and the present of this influential and often volatile region. Part I sets out precise biographical details on some 6,000 eminent individuals who influence every sphere of public life in politics, culture and society. Part II surveys the 19 Arab Countries, providing detailed information on the geography, history, constitution, economy and culture of the individual countries. Part III provides information on the historical background of the Arab world. Indexes by country and profession supplement the biographical section. A select bibliography of secondary literature on the Middle East is also included.

A Theory of Value and Obligation

By Robin Attfield
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Isbn : 1000029166
  • Pages : 274
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Reads : 837
  • File Pdf: a-theory-of-value-and-obligation.pdf

Book Summary:

Originally published in 1987 and re-issued in 2020 with a new Preface, this book presents and elaborates interrelated solutions to a number of problems in moral philosophy, from the location of intrinsic value and the nature of a worthwhile life, via the limits of obligation and the nature of justice, to the status of moral utterances. After developing a biocentric account of moral standing, the author locates worthwhile life in the development of the generic capacities of a creature, whether human or nonhuman, and presents an account of relative intrinsic value which later generates a theory of interspecific justice. This value-theory also informs a consequentialist understanding of obligation, of moral rightness and of supererogation. The understanding thus supplied is shown to cope with the problems of integrity, of justice and of the ‘Repugnant Conclusion’ in population ethics. A cognitivist account of ethical conclusions such as those so far reached is then defended against non-cognitivist and relativist objections and a far-reaching naturalist theory is defended, integrating earlier conclusions with an account of the logic of the fundamental ethical concepts. This wide-ranging volume which maps the whole area of morality is thoroughly argued with reference both to contemporary philosophical developments and to classical theories.

Natural Science and the Culture of Sages and Worthies

By 张戬坤
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : 光大出版社
  • Isbn : 9881998735
  • Pages : 405
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Reads : 400
  • File Pdf: natural-science-and-the-culture-of-sages-and-worthies.pdf

Book Summary:

Chapter Zero The Substitute Preface Ⅰ. The Wuji and the Taiji Ⅱ. Polar Relativity Ⅲ. “Slice up a Watermelon” Ⅳ. The “Most Precision Instrument” Ⅴ. The moment one dharma arises, all dharmas will follow. Ⅵ. Things, based on causes and conditions, do not really exist. However, as conditions arise, they shouldn’t be considered non-existent. Ⅶ. The Absolute Truth Ⅷ. Every Dot is the Whole. Chapter One Enter the Culture of Sages and Worthies from Natural Science Ⅰ. Know the culture of sages and worthies again. Ⅱ. The Relationship of Matter and Emptiness in the Mass-energy Equation 1. Matter itself is emptiness 2. Strange sparks in the air 3. Attach importance to traditional Chinese Culture III. What is a Quantum? Ⅳ. The experiment of “Water Knows” verifies the relationship between the internal appearance and the external appearance of the mind. Ⅴ. Two Types of Spontaneity in Nature 1. The value and meaning of a human life exist in wisdom. 2. How to use the two spontaneities in everyday life. 3. The ten Dharma Realms and the transmigration of a life. VI. The Infinite Divisibility of a Particle 1. The relationship between matter, energy and information 2. Because of the sensory dusts, we produce knowledge. Because of the sensory organs, we find appearances. Inside and outside have the same noumenon. Chapter Two The perpetual motion machine Neutralization Ⅰ. How to Make a Perpetual Motion Machine? 1. A perpetual motion machine cannot be made by a dissipative structure system. 2. The software civilization and the hardware civilization 3. The information structure of the software 4. The one appearance is the “perpetual motion machine”. II. Middle is the great root under heaven. 1. The neutralization of carbon 2. Depolarization leads to neutralization. III. The phenomenon of neutralization and their applications. 1. The stability of the structure of the octet. 2. Like things repel and unlike things attract. 3. Develop a harmonious society Chapter Three Ecological Civilization and Psychological Civilization Ⅰ. The Present Situation of the Environment. 1. The destruction and pollution of natural environment. 2. The situation of social environment. Ⅱ. Mental pollution leads to environmental pollution. 1. The scientific experiment of “Water Knows” 2. Mental pollution Ⅲ. Ecology and Psychology Lecture One Effects of Psychology on Ecology 1. Is there an “I” (a self)? What is an “I” (a self)? 2. Ecological civilization 3. The polluted psychological civilization 4. The mind is the environment and the environment is the mind. Restore psychological civilization Lecture Two The oneness of the mind and the environment Chapter Four Matter and field Ⅰ. Matter and the field 1. No separation of subjectivity and objectivity; no separation of matter and energy. 2. Matter is from energy. Matter, energy and conservation. 3. The modes of motion. 4. Period and cycle is the fundamental law in the physical world. 5. Energy comes from information structures. 6. The pure information structure of zero, “destiny” and the still and changeless state. Ⅱ. “Discoveries are made according to one’s own karmas.” 1. Strange sparks in the sky; Zhuang Zhou’s dream and the butterfly’s dream. 2. Wave-particle Duality and discoveries made according to one’s own karmas 3. Understand the mechanism of “Discovery” Chapter Five The Original Source and Origins of the Universe Lecture One The Original Source of the Universe Ⅰ. The universe’s noumenon is the one appearance that has no appearance. Ⅱ. Understand the Mind and See the Nature. Verify the one appearance that has no appearance. Ⅲ. Carry Yin and Embrace Yang. Restore the one appearance. IV. The false appearances and the actual appearance 1. The relationship between the one appearance and the two appearances 2. Learn from the Great Wisdom of Sages and Worthies V. The Value of Life 1. The pursuit of knowledge requires daily accumulation. The pursuit of the Dao requires daily exhaustion. 2. Be content with poverty, keep to the Dao and make the pursuit of wisdom the sole occupation. Lecture 2 The Origins and Evolutions of the Universe Ⅰ. The Origins of the Universe 1. The big-bang theory and the most fundamental law of birth, growth, completion and death. 2. Origins of the universe in Yi Jing, Lao-zi, Zhuang-zi and Buddhist sutras. 3. The String Theory 4. The Genesis of the World by God in Christianity Ⅱ . Several fundamental laws of the universe 1. The Unity of Opposites: Carrying yin and embracing yang; 2. The structure of core formation 3. The Law of Spontaneity 4. Evolution and Development. Chapter Six Motion and Change Lecture One Where Do all Motion and Change Occur? Lecture Two Change and Changelessness Chapter Seven Polarity and Non-polarity Ⅰ. The Characteristics of Polarity and Non-polarity Ⅱ. Non-polarity does not have Appearances. Ⅲ. Non-polarity that Has No Difference and No Time and Space. Ⅳ. The Independence of Non-polarity Ⅴ. Transcend Polarity and Enter the Advanced Form of Life. VI. “Without That, There would not Be ‘I’.” “Turn All Things into the Self.” Chapter Eight Theory of Dissipation Structure Ⅰ. The Phenomenon of Self-organization Ⅱ. All of Self-organization is United in Information. 1. The open system. 2. Be far away from the state of equilibrium. 3. The nonlinear effect 4. The fluctuation effect 5. How to master the effect of nonlinear fluctuation in daily life. Chapter Nine Some problems About Time and Space Lecture One Two Different Views on Time and Space Ⅰ. Newton’s and Einstein’s views of time and space Ⅱ. The Experiment “Water Knows” Verifies the Oneness of Subjectivity and Objectivity as well as the Mind and the Environment. Ⅲ. Time and Space are False Notions. Originally Time and Space do not Exist. Ⅳ. The Buddhist View on Time and Space Lecture Two The Infinite Time, Space and Velocity Chapter Ten Human Cognitive Channels Ⅰ. Human Cognitive Channels 1. The sense organs and the sense dusts are simultaneous. 2. Different sense organs lead to different cognizance. 3. Study the Teaching of sages and worthies and know the absolute truth. Ⅱ. How to Go into the Desireless Condition? 1. Discrimination leads to comparative manifestations. Non discrimination leads to the direct manifestation. 2. The direct manifestation of Happy Bodhisattva Ⅲ. Ever Having No Desires, One will See the Wonder. 1. Ancient Chinese sages’ great wisdom of direct manifestation. 2. Spot the real great perfect mirror 3. Sudden enlightenment in scientific inventions and creations. IV. Zhuangzi’s Wisdom on How to Find the Recondite Pearl Chapter Eleven Turn Consciousness into Wisdom Ⅰ. The Equal Mind of the One Appearance Ⅱ. The One Appearance is Wisdom. The Two Appearances are Consciousness. 1. The mechanism and principle of the eight consciousnesses 2. Turn consciousness into wisdom and you will have the wisdom of the one appearance. 3. With the wisdom of the one appearance, one will serve all living beings. Ⅲ. The One Appearance Has Nothing. The Two Appearances Have Everything. Chapter Twelve Experience the Noumenon and the Actual Appearance I. Get to Know the Original Source That Has Nothing. II. “It’s neither the wind nor the banner that is moving. Humane ones, it is your mind that is moving.” Ⅲ. Matter and Emptiness; Phenomenon and Essence. Ⅳ. The Flower Case and the Moon Case Ⅴ. Get to Know the State of Non-duality. Ⅵ. Two Chickens by One Cut Chapter Thirteen Know the Great Wisdom of Ancient Sages and Worthies I. Return to the Original Source II. The Discrimination and Attachment of Living Beings 1. Finiteness and Infiniteness; polarity and non-polarity 2. What are discrimination and attachment? 3. False Appearances of the sensory organs and the sensory dusts; the appearances of subjectivity and objectivity. 4. The sensory organs and the sensory dusts have the same source. The emptied empty thusness III Lao Zi’s Great Wisdom IV. The Sixteen-character Guiding Principles. 1. Their Mind for the Way is faint and slight. 2. People’s mind is dangerous and perilous. 3. “Only by being pure and being one will people keep to the Middle.” 4. “Keep to the Middle.” V. The Innate Eight Trigrams of Fu Xi. Chapter Fourteen The Grand Unified Field Theory I. Elementary Particles and the Eight Trigrams. II. The Grand Unified Field. 1. Researches made by modern scientists. 2. In what location is the grand unified field unified? 3. All movements and change return to emptiness and stillness. 4. Trueness and falseness are non-dual. They are the grand unification. Chapter Fifteen A Comprehensive Aggregation The Phenomena of self-organization The dissipation structure Perpetual Motion Machines Two Types of Civilization The “S” Lines and the Cosmic Strings Information Structures Consciousness “The Software and Hardware” Discoveries made according to one’s own karmas The mind and the environment are the same thing. The Theory of Hologram There is no thought Transcendence Everyone Has a Unique World. All are manifestations of the thusness. The Mind and Things Move towards the Proper Enlightenment from the Six Sense Organs. The seeing is always there. View all as mirror images. View the world as a dream. The Relationship of Matter and Emptiness There is only “This”. Originally there is not time and space. The Conscious Mind is Empty and False. The Mind and the Environment Sincerity and Brightness See through the appearances and spot the nature. Material, energy and information Finiteness and Infiniteness Two types of spontaneities The Sense Organs and the Sense dusts Movement and Non-movement “Bubbles” “I” is the only honored one. Originally, there is neither birth nor death. The direct manifestation of the mind. Remove the “S” lines. Carrying yin and embracing yang The dependent and proper retributions in the Dharma-ending age The homology and simultaneity of the sense organs and the sense dusts The wonderfully pure and bright substance Food and Sex Establish a positive outlook on life Superconductivity Scientific technology and civilization In the one appearance there is no death. Originally, there is not nebulous wheel in the eyes. Quantum Existence and Non-existence (Being and non-being) Speak right Dharma to right people. The “recondite pearl” and the “Dao” The Zero One dharma and all dharmas All are manifestations of the consciousness. Activity “Transparency” Appearances are what are manifested in front of the sense organs. Yi Jing (The Book of Changes) and chemistry. Science and Religion Glossary

The Vanquished

By Robert Gerwarth
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Farrar, Straus and Giroux
  • Isbn : 0374710686
  • Pages : 464
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 234
  • File Pdf: the-vanquished.pdf

Book Summary:

A Times Literary Supplement Best Book of 2016 An epic, groundbreaking account of the ethnic and state violence that followed the end of World War I—conflicts that would shape the course of the twentieth century For the Western Allies, November 11, 1918, has always been a solemn date—the end of fighting that had destroyed a generation, but also a vindication of a terrible sacrifice with the total collapse of the principal enemies: the German Empire, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. But for much of the rest of Europe this was a day with no meaning, as a continuing, nightmarish series of conflicts engulfed country after country. In The Vanquished, a highly original and gripping work of history, Robert Gerwarth asks us to think again about the true legacy of the First World War. In large part it was not the fighting on the Western Front that proved so ruinous to Europe’s future, but the devastating aftermath, as countries on both sides of the original conflict were savaged by revolutions, pogroms, mass expulsions, and further major military clashes. In the years immediately after the armistice, millions would die across central, eastern, and southeastern Europe before the Soviet Union and a series of rickety and exhausted small new states would come into being. It was here, in the ruins of Europe, that extreme ideologies such as fascism would take shape and ultimately emerge triumphant. As absorbing in its drama as it is unsettling in its analysis, The Vanquished is destined to transform our understanding of not just the First World War but the twentieth century as a whole.

The Reverse Classics;Fan Jing 反经

By Zhao Rui
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : DeepLogic
  • Isbn : N.a
  • Pages :
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Reads : 820
  • File Pdf: the-reverse-classics-fan-jing-反经.pdf

Book Summary:

A Reference Strategy Book for Emperors and Politicians in Ancient China The book of Reverse Classics(Fan Jing 反经) is a practical book on strategies written by Zhao Rui in Tang Dynasty. The Reverse Classics consists of 9 volumes and 64 chapters. It takes the history of pre-Tang Dynasty as the argumentation material, integrates all schools of thought, including Confucianism, Taoism, military, law, Yin-Yang, agriculture and other schools of thought. It talks about various fields such as politics, diplomacy, military affairs and so on. It also forms a strategy book with strict logic system and covering civil and military strategy. Almost all the emperors who have achieved political achievements in their dynasties know the book well and the book is respected as a treasure of rich and profound traditional culture. Its original name of the Long and Short Classic means right and wrong, gain and loss, merits and demerits.

US-Grenada Relations

By G. Williams
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Isbn : 0230609953
  • Pages : 298
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reads : 655
  • File Pdf: us-grenada-relations.pdf

Book Summary:

Why did the world's strongest power intervene militarily in the tiny Commonwealth Caribbean island of Grenada in October 1983? This book focuses on United States-Grenada relations between 1979 and 1983 set against the wider historical context of US-Caribbean Basin relations. It presents an in-depth study of US policy during the Carter and Reagan presidencies and the deterioration of relations with the Marxist-Leninist People's Revolution Government (PRG) of Grenada. It considers in detail the murderous internal power struggle that destroyed the PRG and the decisionmaking process that resulted in a joint US-Caribbean military intervention.

Lenin's Brain and Other Tales from the Secret Soviet Archives

By Paul R. Gregory
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Hoover Press
  • Isbn : 0817948139
  • Pages : 162
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 957
  • File Pdf: lenin-s-brain-and-other-tales-from-the-secret-soviet-archives.pdf

Book Summary:

An enlightening look into the once-secret Soviet state and party archives that Western scholars first gained access to in the early 1990s. Paul Gregory breaks down a decades-old wall of secrecy to reveal intriguing new information on such subjects as Stalin's Great Terror, the day-to-day life of Gulag guards, the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the scientific study of Lenin's brain, and other fascinating tales.